Most people are familiar with the adage “a camera never lies”. And the phrase “the eye never lies” seems even more plausible. The reality, however, is very different as both the camera and the eye (read brain) present a highly filtered view of the world.
We see the world with a brain that literally can’t process all the visual data available to it, so it does its best to interpret what it sees. Fortunately for us it does this very well most of the time but it does mean we don’t see things in the same way our cameras see them.
As soon as we pick up a camera we begin a process of interpretation. When we frame an image we exclude what is outside the frame. When we press the shutter we transform a 3D world into 2D. A digital image turns a world of colour into a world of grey, albeit of different tones. And then those grey tones have to be translated back to colour by our monitors and printers.
There is no single and true reality. Everything is a manipulation, intended either to resemble as closely as possible a remembered scene or to represent something in a new way.